After independence lack of quality educational facilities for Hindi speaking students, particularly in the Burrabazar area was engaging serious attention of several enthusiastic social workers of the Marwari community. Founder Members of Gyan Bharati namely Sri Hari Charan Garodia, Sri Nathmal Bhuwalka, Sri Matadin Khaitan, Sri Purushottam Kejariwal and Sri Nathmal Kedia took the lead in the matter. Several eminent persons like Sri Sitaram Seksaria, Padma Bhusan, Sri Anandi Lai Poddar, Ex-mayor of C.M.C. and M.L.A. and Sri Rameshwar Lai Tantia, the then M.P. were also associated. As the first step, Gyan Bharati Society was formed on 24. 12. 1959. On 13th September, 1960 the foundation stone of the school building at 64 A, Nimtolla Ghat Street, Kolkata-700006 was laid by Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, an eminent philosopher and educationist and the then Vice-President of India. He spelt out the basic doctrine for Gyan Bharati as 'practice of truth is the real education'.The different schools under Gyan Bharati started functioning at different points of time. Gyan Bharati Vidyapith and Gyn Bharati Prathamik Vidyalaya were the first two schools which started functioning on 26th January, 1962. Keeping in view the paramount importance of girls' education a separate school for girls namely Gyan Bharati Balika Vidyalaya was established in 1967. Similarly with the growing importance of English medium education, Gyan Bharati Vidyalaya (Eng. Medium) was started in 1986 as a co-educational school.
The Silver Jubilee of Gyan Bharati was celebrated with great fanfare in 1986. Sri Zail Singh, the then President of India inaugurated the celebration.
Gyan Bharati has been in existence for nearly 60 years and during this period it has been able to carve out a niche for itself in the educational firmament. While it has considerably grown in size, there has not been any compromise in regard to the high quality of education. Sustained efforts are on all the time to constantly revise and upgrade the curriculum so as to properly equip the students to prove equal to the emerging challenges of the modern society. The results of the schools in the public examinations are quite satisfactory and a large number of ex-students are now well established in different walks of life. Despite all the achievements so far the philosophy of Gyan Bharati is to always Move Ahead - "C H A R O I B E T I".